The Bran Museum is the owner of valuable and diversified collections of museum objects, some belonging to the treasury of the national cultural heritage.
The collections are structured on the main fields of history, art history, ethnography and folk art, represented in the themes of the three sections of the museum: Castle, Medieval Customs and Branean Village Museum. Of great value is the collection of knives and firearms, which emphasizes the military function performed by the Bran Fortress in the Middle Ages. Also of special importance are the collections of decorative art (furniture, ceramics, silverware) and plastic art (sculpture and painting on wood), from the old royal fund, acquisitions and donations.
I . From the furniture collection:
1. The four-poster bed, handmade from lime, alder, walnut, spruce and oak at the beginning of the century. The 18th century, with a sculpted decoration specific to the Italian Baroque, was given to Queen Maria by the actress Marioara Voiculescu. The two panels on the back panel stand out, carved in bas-relief with religious scenes: “The Birth of Jesus” and “The Worship of the Magi”. The two compositions are flanked by three columns in torsade with rods and capitals with acanthus leaves. Two similar columns, of larger dimensions, surrounded by rods are found supporting the canopy consisting of boxes decorated with carved cherubs. The headboard in front of the bed is decorated with a frieze representing characters in period clothing, and the motif on the pediment of the bed with floral ornaments,
2. The chest dated 1692, carved in platinum wood with ornaments in the style of the German Renaissance, belonged to the royal collection, decorating in the interwar period the “Yellow Salon” of Queen Maria on the first floor of the castle.
3. The walnut table, with two wrought iron ornaments crossed under the headboard, reminds of the Spanish tables and bears on the sleepers the gamut cross, the symbol of Queen Maria.
4. Neo-rococo style showcase from the end of the century. XIX belongs salon gasket punch t of August Bembe from Mainz. The delicate and elegant line of the showcase is completed by the gilded finish and painted with flowers, landscapes and a female character in a vintage costume framed in silly.
5. The neo-rococo style office from the end of the century. The 19th century is part of the stamped salon set by August Bembe from Mainz. The beauty and elegance of the piece is given by the system of excess curves and counter-curves, inspired by the shapes of the shells. The piece is gilded and painted with flowers, zoomorphic motifs, landscapes and two characters with period clothing. In colors of great value and beauty, the chromatic range of the painted compositions is perfectly cushioned with the ensemble.
II. From the sculpture collection:
1. The statuette “Three generations”, Germany, anonymous, sec. XVI.
The statuary group, carved in wood, represents Saint Anne and the baby Jesus. In her right hand, Saint Anne holds an open book face up. Jesus holds a closed book in his left hand.
2. The statuette “Mary with Jesus”, Germany, anonymous, sec. XVI.
The wooden sculpture, painted, depicts Saint Mary with the baby Jesus in her arms, who has a wave and a crown on her head, and the face is framed by small curls. Jesus holds a small globe in his right hand.
3. Bas-relief “Saint Laurentiu”, Transylvania, anonymous, sec. XVI.
Saint Laurentiu is represented standing with a long tunic, in vertical folds, over the shoulders a long cloak, decorated with spirals, fastened to the chest with an oval fibula. He has a crown on his head. Near the right foot, the blacksmith’s insignia: the hammer and the anvil, which is why he is considered the owner of the blacksmiths’ guild. The piece is carved in primed and painted wood.
III. From the collection of icons:
1. Mary with Jesus, Russia, sec. XIX The
icon of the Mother of God with baby Jesus is painted on teifiind wood framed with a carved frame with embossed plant motifs. Mary appears with a richly ornamented golden maforion, and Jesus is depicted in a red cloak. At the base of the icon, on a white ribbon is an inscription in Russian.
2. Triptic, Romania, sec. XIX
On the central panel is painted Mary with the baby Jesus.
The door on the right is divided into two registers: above is represented the Holy Evangelist Luke, and below appears Saint George killing the dragon. On the left door are painted: above Saint Paraschiva, and below Saint Dumitru.
3. Triptych, Greece, sec. XIX The
central icon depicts Jesus the Emperor, and on the side doors Saint George and Saint Basil. The triptych closes under an ogival pediment, the decoration is in relief with floral motifs.
IV. From the silverware collection:
1. The silver candle, Georg May II, 1697.
The decoration of the candle is divided into three registers: the middle register is divided into nine medallions with floral motifs. The fastening is done through three chains and a cover. According to the inscription, Candela was made for the “housewife Maria” from the Hurezi monastery.
2. Vessel of worship, Romania, sec. XVIII
P and Princess silver made in a workshop in Wallachia, is a form sferoidiala edge flaring lip. The decoration is divided into five medallions with biblical scenes. The handle is formed by joining two dragons.
3. Bomboniera, Romania, sec. XIX.
Silver piece, with rectangular base and walls facing outwards, vegetal decorations by openwork. Eagle-shaped handles with a scarf in the beak.
4. Perfume container, oriental workshop, sec. XX.
The silver piece, made up of several elongated spherical elements, richly ornamented with stylized vegetal elements. The slender, elongated neck is finished by a domed head.
V. From the collection of ceramics:
1. Amphora, tiled by Urbino, Italy, sec. XVIII. The amphora-shaped vessel, probably a wine container, is decorated with vegetal and zoomorphic motifs. The piece presents two medallions, hanging, one of them with an allegorical subject: a cupid on a lion surrounded by golden apples, finished in a mask whose mouth served as a orifice for the flow of the drink. The other medallion depicts the god Bachus holding a bunch of grapes in one hand and a cup in the other. The color is blue on a white background.
2. Statuette, Meissen porcelain, Germany, sec. XVIII.
The piece represents a rooster on a sheaf of wheat, in a fighting attitude. Bright and rich plumage, made by sinuous lines. Color range: green, red, brown and yellow.
3. Plate, made of Talavera, Spain, sec. XIX.
The hand-painted faience plate presents a scene with Don Quixote. Chromatic range: brown and blue.
4. Plateau, China, sec. XVIII.
The porcelain plate is decorated in the central field with five dragons, flying through the clouds. Chromatic range: blue on white background.
VI. From the collection of weapons and armor:
1. Cavalry sword, the most representative type of offensive white weapon of the sixteenth century. The head of the massive handle, to balance the blade, is generally elongated, pear-shaped or olive continued at the base with a neck resting at both ends on the handle and on a button. The handle is usually short, grooved or twisted. The guard has two arms, with a side ring and a vertical ring, both mounted at the origin of the guard. The blade has a heel between the guard and the edges, a narrower and sharper portion, the “riccaso” on which the workshop brand is placed. The cavalry swords have a complete or spiral defense, from the guard to the end of the handle.
2. The specific weapon of the Ottoman armies was the yataghan. It has a curved blade with a sharp tip and raised upwards. Decorated on the entire surface with medallions with inscriptions framed by plant elements. The handle is made of ivory mounted on the blade with a geometrically decorated bracelet, with filigramed buttons. The sheath is decorated with flowers.
3. The knife – the piece of costume – is curved and ends with a button in the shape of a human head. The decoration is vegetable. The blade is wide with a curved tip, serrated at the top, decorated with vegetables, it connects with a chain provided with two spherical, filigramed buttons. Workshop from Turkey.
4. The mace is a massive weapon, consisting of a metal head gloved on a wooden tail. In the 15th century, the cylindrical shape was used, reinforced with six prominent faces, and in the 16th century with six to eight arched facets. The mace’s head had different shapes, from those with a dart at the top, surrounded by sharp bodies to those with a simple head, with an elongated tip.
5. The whip of battle. It was like a mace, a massive weapon. A metal tail, with or without spikes, is attached to a wooden tail. Ghioaga was tied to the tail with a chain.
6. Battle axes. They are offensive weapons with a sharp part (the ax itself) and a non-sharp edge, which can take the shape of a hammer. Western workshop, 15th century; 2. German workshop sec. in the 18th century
7. Halberd. It is an infantry weapon composed of: axes, whose blow crushed the metal parts of the armor destroying the enemy; hook for hanging and lowering the rider from the horse or for injuring the horse’s legs; massive and sharp tip (spear), which easily penetrates through the plates of armor, piercing the network of links worn under armor. Of Swiss origin, the halberd was widely used in Germany since the fourteenth century and introduced in France, on foot in the time of Louis XI. Western workshop, 16th century.
8. Armor (19th century copy). Composed of closed helmet, riveted neckline, shirt consisting of chest and back. The belt consists of articulated plates, the arms made of two cylindrical pieces, articulated at the shoulder and elbow, finished with gloves; pants also consisting of two cylindrical pieces with joints at the knees and ankles. “Bear’s paw” type footwear.
9. “rondasa” type shield (16th century). Parts with slightly domed field. In the umbilical region, in a metal flower, a frustoconical tip is mounted. Possible workshop Nuremberg (Germany).
10. Crossbow with jack: From the second half of the 15th century to the 17th century, a separate jack from the body of the crossbow is used, which is mounted only for reinforcement. The bow was pulled with a zipper. The crossbow has a shorter and thicker body, a wooden bed and covered with bone, the rope is made of animal intestine. Western workshop.
11. Carbine – Starting in the 16th century, a carbine appeared, a short, light weapon used by cavalry troops. The “trambeon” carbines with flames have a missing bitronconic pipe, the part from the bed is hexagonal on the outside and decorated vegetally; the ignition mechanism placed right, is decorated. The bed is flat, with a rich decoration. The trigger guard is made of steel. 1.Western workshop, 18th century
12. Flint pistols. The pistols underwent the same transformations in the loading and ignition system as the rifles and carbines. From the second half of the 17th century, the pistols with angular opening between the bed and the much smaller pipe will predominate. Flint pistols have a frustoconical barrel and a firing mechanism placed on the right. The bed is made of wood. (1-Tula workshop in Russia; 2-western workshop in England; 3-Danzig / Poland workshop).